The next group concerns the definition of the citizen because it took citizens to constitute a system of government in the city-state, of which democracy was one the third concerns the definition of different systems of government in the city-state, especially the notion that democracy is, in aristotle 's view, a diverging system of. Aristotle's view of a good citizen is not what we as a modern society would consider one to be being a good citizen is more than just abiding by the laws of the state, and it is more than paying taxes. For aristotle the human is by nature destined to live in a political association yet not all who live in the political association are citizens, and not all citizens are given equal share in the power of association. The virtue of a good man and an excellent citizen may be different, because the virtue of a citizen is determined with a view to the preservation of the regime to the extent the actual regime approximates the best regime, the virtue of a good man and an excellent citizen will coincide.
So according to aristotle, the citizen and his city must expand the horizons to become liberally educated, appreciating the priority of limit over expansion, mind over body, and the noble over the useful pursuits and studies 21 aristotle's account comes close to plato's the guardian must eventually transcend the cave and seek for knowledge. Aristotle (384-322 bce) was born in stagira, a small coastal town in the political orbit of macedonia he traveled to athens while still in his teens and enrolled in plato's academy, where he remained for almost twenty years. A notion of natural inequality is central to aristotle's conception of humanity, with a view to both individual and communal living it is a binding principle in the conception of the city ( polis ) as the highest form of partnership ( koinonia ), and even forms the basis for establishing the necessity of partnership itself. Even here at the very beginning of the politics aristotle is showing the link between ethics and politics and the importance of a well-constructed city in making it possible for the citizens to live well.
The end to which a thing is devoted, that which draws it, the goal to which a thing is devoted (aristotle believed everything in nature had a final cause, teleological view, everything in nature has indwelling purposes. Leslie rubin's portrait of aristotelian america and american aristotelianism is an invaluable contribution to our understanding of our situation after i finished reading leslie rubin's america, aristotle, and the politics of the middle class, i turned the television on, tuned to the only. Jewish thinkers in muslim spain and the maghrib adopted aristotelianism (as well as systems that stemmed from but also profoundly modified pure aristotelian doctrine) considerably later than did their counterparts in the islamic east.
Young citizens serve in the military, middle-aged citizens govern, and older citizens take care of religious affairs while noncitizen laborers take care of farming and crafts education is important to ensuring the well-being of the city, and aristotle prefers a public program of education to private tutoring. The good citizen, in a word, is the patriotic citizen, the man whose loyalty belongs first and last to his fatherland in his less popular politics, aristotle says that there is not the good citizen without qualification. After defining the essential elements of aristotelian citizenship, the article proposes to apply these criteria in its search for the equivalent of a citizen within the corporate polis.
Aristotle's suggestion that a citizen is someone who shares in the deliberative or judicial offices of a city may seem odd to the modern reader, as very few people in the twentieth century would count as citizens by this definition. Being a citizen is not, for aristotle, simply a formal legal status, but implies very specific political rights and duties a citizen in an unqualified sense is one who has a share in ruling the city. During aristotle's residence at the academy, king philip ii of macedonia (reigned 359-336 bce) waged war on a number of greek city-states the athenians defended their independence only half-heartedly, and, after a series of humiliating concessions , they allowed philip to become, by 338, master of the greek world.
Aristotle was born to an aristocratic family in stageira on the chalcidice peninsula of macedonia (a region of northern greece) in 384 bc his father, nicomachus, was the personal physician to king amyntas of macedon, and aristotle was trained and educated as a member of the aristocracy. Aristotle (b 384 - d 322 bce), was a greek philosopher, logician, and scientist along with his teacher plato, aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Aristotle was concerned with the citizen and the design of political institutions (hacker 114) they both had well thought out ideas and plans on how to build a better society both aristotle and plato have had a tremendous impact on political scientists of today.